I have been practising Yoga for close to 5 years now. Prior to this time, my life had been a day-to-day existence filled with symptoms of depression and low self-esteem. Aggravated by marring acne and burdensome asthma symptoms, not feeling depressed was usually a rare occurrence. A rare occurrence that is; until I discovered Yoga and how it could help with depression treatment.
It is, not a surprise that I was not alone during this time as research has shown that 18% of the UK’s population (10.8 million people) suffer from some sort of anxiety or depression (ONS, 2018). However, what should be the main cause of concern are the many side effects common to anti-depression drugs. Effective as they may be for a while, itís been noted that these depression drugs have several side effects which may include nausea, fatigue, insomnia and some sexual dysfunctions.
Thankfully, as with nearly any human ailment, at least in it’s not fatal stages, drug-free healing is not limited to curing any discomfort-including depression and this without these side-effects. One standout alternative for depression treatment my friends will be the incomparable Yoga.
How is this so? Well, first of all, with Yoga and its gentle movements and poses,
Alpha waves (relaxation) and Theta waves (unconscious memory, dreams and emotions) tend to increase significantly after its execution. This finding is based on a Scandinavian study conducted by Eric Hoffman, Ph.D., that measured brain waves before and after a two-hour Yoga class.
As a result, you tend to have more contact with your own subconscious and emotions. Moreover, after its use, alpha waves increases in the right temporal region of the brain as other studies have shown that people with depression tend to have more alpha activity in the left frontal-temporal region, while optimistic, extroverted people have more alpha activity on the right.
Moreover, with the execution of Yoga, a noted reduction in the hormone known as cortisol and increase in the hormone prolactin occursówhich is believed by many professionals to be the key in producing the anti-depressant effect of electroshock therapy
If this all sounds a bit advanced, perhaps a simpler illustration of how Yoga works effectively for depression treatment may be that it exercises the motor centres of the brain, making the blood flow away from the emotional activity centre; consequently one becomes more receptive to positive thoughts.
Although this can be accomplished by the use of several Yoga poses, I will narrow the wide array of choices down to three simple yet very effective ones namely the Sun Salutations, Shoulder Stand and Relaxation poses.
Depression Treatment: Choice of Yoga poses for depression help
1. The Sun Salutations:
The sun exercises stimulate and balances all systems of the body including the endocrine and nervous systems that have marked effects on our emotions, furthermore they induce deep breathing, which has been known over the ages to help alleviate many a stressful situation. Performed in rounds of three, they actually are a combination of very simple movements executed in a flowing motion. Although they are usually warm up to other Yoga poses, they can stand on their own as a Yoga session so you may not have to spend too much time to reap Yoga’s benefits as an alternative treatment for depression.
2. The Shoulder- Stand:
In spite of what its name may suggest, no worries, this pose is indeed very easy to execute and is the one pose that both old and new Yoga Instructors and writers view as a near panacea for most human ailments including depression. It is essentially a very easy inversion pose that I see most kids practising unknowingly most of us have at some point, so again, it is really easy. Being that when you’re inverted, everything is turned upside down, throwing a new light on old behavioural patterns. Working together with its counter poses, you will see for yourself what this pose can do for depression treatment.
3. The Relaxation Pose:
The daddy of them all! As the name suggests it involves lying motionless on one’s back with emphasis on deep, even breathing and meditation. It is usually performed for several minutes to alleviate stress and mental tension and positive affirmations such as helpful verses from religious books could be mentally repeated during its execution.
Being a Christian myself, one of my favourite verses while executing this pose will be a personalised derivative of Rom 12: 2 – I am being transformed by the renewing of my thoughts.
Depression treatment: Closing thoughts on other factors.
No one is saying that Yoga poses alone will be the end all be all of your depression. No. Poses alone do not constitute Yoga. Breathing exercises (known as pranayama), Meditation, (which could be rooted in your religious or spiritual beliefs) and a proper diet-all being important limbs of Yoga, should be used in your use of Yoga for depression treatment.
These limbs will be subjects of other articles to save space; however, for a depression treatment alternative without unwanted and oft times harmful side effects, dare I say drug-free healing using simple Yoga principles and natural methods might be your best bet, it did work for me.
So the next time depression sends you to the doctor, you may do well to ask for a new prescription for depression treatment-Yoga. I believe it won’t hurt and possibly could help you immensely.
One of the most prevalent health problems in many countries around the world is depression. Indeed, researchers have concluded that a majority of people will experience clinical depression at some point during their lifetimes. As a result, all people should at least have a basic awareness of what different depression treatment regimens are available in the 21st. Indeed, when it comes to depression treatment, there are a number of different options available to people afflicted with this possibly debilitating disease.
If a person is suffering from a mild, isolated case of depression, an effective depression treatment program may include more sleep, an improved diet and increased exercise. In some instances, a combination of these recourses does result in an effective depression treatment regimen.
Many people find themselves suffering through a more serious bout of depression. In such instances, a depression treatment program must include professional assistance. When consulting with a qualified health care professional, a depression treatment program that includes therapy and medication or medications is likely to be recommended.
When it comes to a depression treatment program, medications are helpful to aid in the reduction of the symptoms that commonly are associated with a depressive illness. With that said, in most cases, it is important that a depression treatment program include therapy. Therapy is an important element of a depression treatment program in many cases to assist the afflicted patient with discovering the root causes of the depressive illness with which he or she is afflicted.
In some instances, a depressive illness is so serious that a depression treatment program includes inpatient hospitalisation. In most instances, a person who is hospitalised for a depressive illness will only be confined for a short period of time — for a matter of days. The goal of hospitalisation as a depression treatment regimen in the 21st century is patient stabilisation. The long-term treatment will be conducted on an outpatient basis. Long gone are the days (in most cases) in which stabilisation and intensive treatment occur while a patient is involved in an inpatient depression treatment program.
In recent years, many mental health care professionals have again begun to advocate the use of EST (electro-shock therapy) for patients who have a more profound depressive illness. For some period of time in the 1970s and 1980s, EST as a depression treatment option was frowned upon by a wide sector of the mental health care professional community. However, in recent years, the techniques associated with EST have been refined and many doctors have come to see beneficial results in their patients who are subjected to a depression treatment regimen that includes EST. But, again, EST is utilised as a depression treatment option in only a limited number of cases in which the depression of a particular patient is severe and unabated over an extended period of time. As with depression treatment programs that include medication, patients who receive EST also participate in a course of therapy to try and discover the root causes of the depressive illness.
Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, has in past years only been found in adults, while children with similar symptoms have been mistakenly diagnosed as have attention deficit disorder (ADD), or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, in recent years, psychiatrists and pediatricians have found that bipolar disorder definitely rears its ugly head in childhood as often as it does in adolescent or adult years.
Diagnosis of bipolar in childhood increases the chances for bipolar patients to have successful treatment and ordinary, uninhibited lives as adults. However, treatment options of bipolar in childhood is a controversial subject. Many doctors wish to medicate first, and regulate with therapy in addition to medications. However, many parents and some psychologists disagree with these methods.
Overall, many parents discover that once their child has been put on bipolar medications, the child seems to lose some of their personality traits that endear them to the parents. Children, and adults, who have been overly medicated or medicated when not absolutely necessary lose a sense of who they are. Some medications can make children overly despondent, seeming “out of it” or “spacey.” This causes concern for parents and doctors, and raises the question of whether or not the child is really better off on medication.
Play therapy can be quite effective in helping children with bipolar disorder live more successful childhoods. This play therapy typically involves placing children in various hypothetical situations in which they must work out a logical and emotionally healthy solution. While play therapy is very successful in some children, it is not enough for others. In certain childhood cases of bipolar disorder, the mood swings and symptoms are so severe that the child is not able to control their actions or emotional reactions to stimuli and situations.
Cognitive behavioural therapy is a fairly new method of therapy for bipolar patients in which the patient learns to recognise symptoms of their illness, triggers for mood swings and inappropriate behaviour, and alternatives to inappropriate behaviour. Cognitive behavioural therapy also allows the patient to discover what he or she can do to avoid manic or depressive episodes, and how to manage the episodes more effectively. In adults, this treatment option is very viable, and works well both in conjunction with and without medication treatment.
However, cognitive behavioural therapy requires a level of problem solving and critical thinking that is not often present in childhood. For this reason, it is not commonly used in children with bipolar disorder under a certain age or maturity level. Some believe that the techniques learned through cognitive behavioural therapy could be equally viable in treating childhood bipolar disorder if the exercises and learning could be geared toward children. This, however, could prove difficult.
In the end, treatment options must be discussed with pediatricians, psychiatrists, psychologists, parents, and teachers. Everyone involved in childhood must be involved in the treatment process in order for it to be successful. If a parent or teacher has concerns about the effects of childhood treatment for bipolar disorder in their child or student, those concerns should be expressed immediately so that changes in treatment can be made. Additionally, parents should not be afraid to change doctors if they feel their child is not benefiting from treatment or medication.
It is not forever that you or your loved one will suffer from the destructing symptoms of bipolar disorder. There are ways to combat the said illness such as undergoing bipolar disorder treatment.
There are two types of bipolar disorder treatment, pharmacological and psychotherapeutic.
Pharmacological treatment refers to the use of medicine. Commonly, medicines are used to stabilise intense mood swings caused by depression and mania. Some medications are also prescribed to control attacks of severe anxiety. Pharmacological treatment is categorised into five such as:
1. Anti-anxiety medications and sedatives
There are different types of sedatives which gives relief to individuals with bipolar disorder. This type of medication is used to help the patient achieve the amount of sleep he needs. Sedatives also help patients lessen their apprehension. Most importantly, it helps them control severe episodes of manic.
Some known sedatives used for bipolar disorder are hypnotics, tranquilisers, anxiolytics and benzodiazepines.
Antidepressants are widely and regularly prescribed to people with bipolar disorder. There are different types of antidepressants.
? Atypical antidepressant is an example of antidepressant which is chemically not related to other antidepressants. Some examples under this type are Desyrel, Remeron and Wellbutrin.
? Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or commonly referred to as MAOIs helps ease the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Manerix, Marplan, Nardil, and Parnate are some drugs under this type.
? Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors or SNRIs is a type of antidepressants which concentrates on a neurotransmitter.
? Selective Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors or SSNRIs like the above-mentioned types of antidepressants help patients’ sufferings from the many symptoms of bipolar disorder. Some known drugs related to this are Cymbalta and Effexor.
? Common examples of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors or SSRIs are Celexa, Paxil, Lexapro, Prozac, Luvox and Zoloft.
? Tricyclics antidepressant includes Anafranil, Elavil, Asendin, Norpramin, Aventyl, and Adapin.
This type of pharmacological treatment is referred to as “neuroleptic drugs.” Common antipsychotics are sometimes termed as “major tranquilisers,” because its chief responsibility is to put under sedation the patient taking it.
There are three major types of antipsychotic drugs such as atypical, typical and dopamine partial agonists. Other options for antipsychotic drugs are Symbyax and Tetrabenazine.
4. Mood Stabilizers
A mood stabiliser is a type of medication to minister “mood disorders.” There are a lot of drugs to stabilise mood to use for individuals with bipolar disorder. “Lithium carbonate” is the first mood stabiliser to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is also widely used.
There are some mood stabilisers out in the market today which are not yet approved by the FDA. There are possible uneventful consequences when taking unapproved drugs. Hence it is important to consult with your physician the stabiliser that is well suited for you and is FDA approved.
5. Calcium Channel Blockers
If an individual’s bipolar disorder is negligible and manageable, then calcium channel blockers may be appropriate.
The major function of calcium channel blockers is to drop the blood pressure. Additionally, it slows down the transmission of electrical activity inside the heart which then results to lowered heart rate.
There are three major categories under calcium channel blockers such as Dihydropyridine, Phenylalkylamine, and Benzonthiazepine.
Medications should be prescribed by psychiatrists proficient in analysis and treatment of mental disorders.
Another type of bipolar disorder treatment is psychotherapy which is sometimes referred to as “talk therapy.”
This type of treatment encourages the patient to openly talk about the possible causes of depression. You will also have the chance to communicate about the factors which trigger incidents of bipolar disorder.
Upon knowing the causes and triggers of manic depression, then you will arrive at achievable solutions to administer or evade triggers.
There are two kinds of psychotherapy. Interpersonal therapy has a goal to help you modify your behaviour so that you will have a positive relation to other people. On the other hand, cognitive-behavioral therapy aims to assess your belief and feelings that should lead you to alter your response to different events.
The pains and sufferings caused by bipolar disorder can be generally treated. Patience and perseverance is needed during the treatment period since most of the time patients undergo a long-term medication either pharmacological or psychotherapy.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder among children have never been made until only recently in the medical field. Before, the disorder was seen to emerge among unfortunate adolescents and adults, but with advancement in identification tests, the disorder can now be detected as early as childhood. Thus, early treatment can be started.
An early diagnosis of the disorder in children may give them a better chance in treatment. This will help them cope with the disease more properly, achieve character equilibrium, realise a top level of wellness, and grow up to be a self-aware and well rounded adult. With the right treatment, the disorder can be easily controlled and they may lead a normal happy life.
The prevalence of the disorder in children is suspected to be significant with those who are already diagnosed with ADHD (attention-deficit with hyperactivity disorder) in the United States. Children and adolescents who have suffered from relapsing depressions may be suffering from an early start-up of bipolar disorder except that the manic stage of the disorder has not yet occurred. The more epidemiological studies are conducted the more the medical world is becoming aware how common this disorder surface among children.
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is characterised by extreme mood changes that includes depression and mania (extreme euphoria). But the disorder has some variations among children compared to those of the adults. Bipolar among children generally have constant mood alterations that is a combination of depression and mania in rapid cycles. Persistent irritability is caused by the rapid mood cycles as well as a few periods of wellness in between phases.
DSM-IV criteria (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV) are used to diagnose bipolar disorder among adults. Although there is no age limit when using the DSM-IV, there is no real specific criteria for children which makes it quite difficult to use.
The following are the common behaviours found in children afflicted with bipolar disorder:
? hyperactive, easily distracted
? authority problems
? extensively destructive temper
? insomnia alternating with oversleeping
? depressed, apathetic, passive
? fast changing moods from a few hours to several days
? delusions and hallucinations
? beliefs of grandiosity
? flight of ideas, extremely talkative
? extreme anxiety when separated from family even for a short period of time
? night time fears and tirades
? unsuitable sexual behaviour
? extreme hunger for sweet food and carbohydrates
The disorder can also be noted during infancy. Parents of later bipolar diagnosed children frequently cite erratic behaviour such as being unusually clingy and unmanageable tantrums reminiscent of seizures.
Like bipolar syndrome in adults, children or pediatric bipolar syndrome is classified into four: Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymia, and Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified.
In Bipolar I, patients undergo interchanging episodes of extreme depression and psychotic mania.
Bipolar II, the patient undergoes moments of hypomania interchanging with moments of depression. Hypomania is sometimes attributed to immense creativity. Hypomania is manifested by irritable or elevated mood with an addition of enhanced mental and physical energy.
Cyclothymia is the form of disorder wherein the individual afflicted undergoes stages of milder but specific mood changes.
Lastly, Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified is the form of the disorder that the physicians are not able to classify in any of the above mentioned classifications. It is also characterised by manic-depressive mood swings but there are symptoms where the illness can not be either identified as Bipolar I, II, or Cyclothymia.
The parents who are worried about their child’s welfare, specifically a child who talks about suicide, should have them evaluated and/or assessed by a legitimate professional who is an expert with psychiatric disorders and its treatments.
Concerned adults who believe one of their charges is afflicted with the disorder should take notes everyday of the child’s behaviour, sleeping patterns, speech, and strange events surrounding the child. These observations will importantly help the physician in their evaluations and find an appropriate treatment.
The disorder can be controlled through a combination of medication, close supervision of behavioural symptoms, psychotherapy for both the patient and the family, knowledge about the disorder, excellent nutrition, regular exercise and sleeping patterns, and lessening of stressful situations.
It is best if the parents and the medical professionals work hand in hand in the treatment of the child. The family’s involvement in the treatment plan can lessen the intensity, incidence, and extent of episodes.
To have feelings of uneasiness or nervousness is quite normal for people who have to keep up with the fast pace of the 21st Century lifestyle. Almost everyone feels anxious from time to time. Mild to moderate moments of anxiety may help certain individuals focus their attention, energy, and motivation. However, severe cases of anxiety may lead to feelings of helplessness, confusion, and distress.
Too much anxiety, however, is not normal and may interfere with one’s daily activities. Anxiety can cause physical and mental problems. In some cases, some situations or fears may trigger a variety of symptoms for a short time.
Physical symptoms of anxiety may include the following:
Trembling, twitching, or shaking.
Feeling of fullness in the throat or chest.
Breathing difficulties or fast heartbeat.
Sweating or cold, clammy hands.
Muscle tension, aches, or soreness (myalgias).
Sleep problems, such as the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep, early waking, or restlessness (not feeling rested when you wake up).
In addition to its physical effects, anxiety also affects a part of the brain that aids in communication. This condition may lead to the difficulties in expressing creativity or effective function in relationships.
Some of the symptoms that show anxiety’s effect on one’s mental faculties include:
Restlessness, irritability, or feeling on edge.
Fearing that something bad is going to happen; feeling doomed.
Inability to concentrate; feeling like your mind goes blank.
The presence of both physical and mental symptoms of anxiety may lead to a condition called anxiety disorder. It may hamper a persons ability to deal with other persons and ruin daily activities. In addition to this, medical studies suggest that women are twice as likely to have anxiety disorders than women.
This occurs because of a variety of biological, psychological, and cultural factors. Although the cause of this phenomenon is still unknown, medical researchers suggest that fluctuations in the levels of female reproductive hormones and cycles may contribute to the heightened risk for anxiety disorders. This condition may occur at any age, gender, and race. Because of its ill-effects, individuals with anxiety disorders are in a hurry to treat this illness and turn to anti-anxiety drugs for treatment.
These drugs are designed to calm and relax individuals with excessive anxiety, nervousness, on a short-term basis. It is also used to treat mild and temporary attacks of anxiety as well as clinically declared cases of social phobias and other forms of phobias. However, the use of these forms of medication may bring side effects that include sedation, sleepiness, depression, lethargy, dizziness, and many more. Other reactions may include changes in heart rate, blood pressure, bowel changes, and severe skin rash.
Due to the side effects of certain anti-anxiety medication, many patients sought alternative medication for their condition. Many herbs became famous among individuals who want to treat anxiety with less side effects. St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforated) is an herb native to Europe and has been used for many years to treat anxiety, insomnia, and depression. It is said that this herb works by slowing down the breakdown of brain chemicals called serotonin.
Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression. In many studies, only 20 percent of patients who took St. John’s Wort complained of side effects, lower compared to those who took antidepressants (53 percent). However, despite its health benefits, individuals who want to take this alternative medicine should seek the approval of medical professionals to clarify side effects and drug interactions that may take place while under medication.
The behaviour side effects of anxiety can be described as an act of avoidance. Individuals with anxiety disorders tend to avoid the things that make them worried or nervous. It may work as a short-term method to make a person feel better but, in the long run, this method may heighten anxiety to worst levels. Effective anxiety treatments may require adjustments in one’s lifestyle and professional help.