Who is more prone to become affected by or suffer from psychological problems? the answer nearly everyone. Depression in the UK alone has left its mark on at least 7 million adults who have experienced a bout of clinical depression at some stage. Suffering from this disorder can interrupt any plans a person may have on leading a normal life. (Depending on how serious the symptoms for each patient) depression affects us all in different ways some cases more severe than others.
What to expect if depression takes hold, well it can cause unbearable pain emotionally also expect your life to turn upside down if the depression escalates out of control. You are not on your own if you have been diagnosed with depression people around you feel your pain also, therefore, affected too.
Similar is a bipolar disorder which is another form of depression. Bipolar was once named manic-depressive disorder, mood swings that came with bipolar differed in many ways, one being is the manic highs which were noted as a high-risk factor for self-inflicted harm to the patient.
Without a doubt, a patients thoughts and feelings change dramatically if in possession of this psychological condition. Depression has often been mistaken with the feeling of sadness or lethargic bouts; these common symptoms do not necessarily mean this is depression they relate more to everyday stress.
Stress normally withers away after a few days but if you find you are still saddened and the fatigue factor still strong and there is no sign of these symptoms easing up then seek medical help as it could be the start of the depression.
Unfortunately, in some cases, depression goes unnoticed and because of this approx two-thirds of depressed patients are not receiving the right medication or treatment. Sadly this is an unfortunate predicament because with the right medical treatment approx 80% of depression sufferers will have found the light at the end of the tunnel.
Depression has been known to take lives; patients struggle to adjust to their new found way of life living with a burden that some believe are with them till eternity, a similar feeling to having a Siamese twin attached till death do us part. Well, now we have modern medicines in a modern world that can help you in your separation from depression which has driven you to take on a false identity where the laughing on the outside is overpowered by all the crying within.
Just like the Siamese twins medics have now proven that with the right medical treatment they can UN-attach the attached.
Talk to someone if you have a reason for concern on your health or that of someone close and let those with the knowledge of depression help you in your quest to lead a normal life once again.
Bipolar disorder is an illness that is illustrated by extreme mood changes, from being manically euphoric to the very depressed and vice versa. This disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness. Changes in the mood to the extremes are constantly occurring, this can happen within hours, days, or months. Bipolar disorder typically appears in the late teenage years and continues until death. There are also cases wherein the illness starts as early as childhood or as delayed as late adult years.
Although a lot of people experience mood swings every now and then, only a small group really experience radical changes in their moods which are highly characteristic of bipolar disorder. This illness can heavily affect everyday living of the sufferer. It can have a huge impact on their relationships with significant others, occupation, academics, and their day to day interaction with other people.
Are you quite curious if you’re afflicted with this unlucky pestilence of a disease? Here are some of the signs and symptoms that you can check yourself with:
* pessimistic, have long moments of crying
* a feeling of hopelessness
* low self-esteem
* diminished libido
* progressive decrease in energy and activities of daily living
* cognitive difficulties
* always anxious and irritable
* changes in weight (weight loss or gain)
*either insomnia or oversleeping
* abuse of drugs or alcoholic substances
* suicidal ideations
* extremely euphoric
* impulsive, irresponsibly wild
* excessively adventurous and involved in activities that are life threatening (sex, drugs, violence, excessive spending)
* flight of ideas, exceedingly talkative
* very outgoing
* self-centred; sometimes with hallucinations or delusions
* easily distracted, restless
* no idea that the their behaviour is causing problems
If you have any of these symptoms and these odd behaviours are causing disruptions in your normal life, it is best for you to seek professional help.
There may be numerous tests out there that are used to differentiate a bipolar sufferer from the run-of-the-mill sad and/or energetic individuals, but there is no exact specific test. This is because the signs and symptoms of this illness are very similar to other mental aberrations like ADHD, borderline personally disorder, schizophrenia, or substance abuse disorders.
To diagnose the disorder, physicians provide a battery of tests to potential patients. The following are the basic tests that these professionals use:
* Medical examinations. This is used to assess the patient for other probable grounds of the mood swings he or she experiences.
* Oral and written psychiatric questionnaire or evaluations
* Family history. Bipolar disorder has a tendency to run in families
* Medical history. There may be medications that the patient is using or has used that could have triggered the mood swings.
* Interview family members and significant others regarding the patient’s behaviour. These people are usually the first witnesses of the disorder unfolding in the patient.
Although the doctor may be armed with these tests to help him diagnose a patient, it is quite difficult for the doctor if the patient him or herself doesn’t recognize the problem. It is therefore imperative for the doctor to have an absolute and careful history of the patient’s mood swing episodes. Compared to normal happiness, a person suffering the mania stage is extremely happy for four consecutive days at the very least. These patients are also easily distracted, very talkative, and has a flight of ideas.
The disorder is suspected to individuals who have previously suffered from a depression and had a quick and excellent response to the treatment, but had frequent relapses which are followed by a disintegration to respond to antidepressant treatment.
But with early diagnosis, the disorder can be easily controlled. A combination of psychopharmacologic medications and psychotherapy may just do the trick. A strong emotional support from family and friends is also imperative for the patient who’s suffering from this disorder. Just make sure you choose the right medical professional to help you or a friend in need. You may find the best help even from only searching through the net as some institutions have websites of their own.
Just remember, anybody who is suspect to any mental disorder is innocent until examined and diagnosed by a legitimate doctor.
School children often dreads the hour when a quiz is given by their teacher, especially the ones who didn’t study their lessons. As a child grows, he or she still has to keep up with various examinations done in and out of the classroom.
What’s in an examination or a quiz that most individuals fear? Well, if it’s just a quiz for a school subject, you will only worry about the grades that you will get. But what if it’s a quiz about your mental health?
A lot of people shy away from the subject of mental illness. Having a mental illness of some sort does not make you insane. That’s the common misconception that people has to live with. Oftentimes, they are ashamed to let other people know that they have a problem. And if you’re diagnosed with bipolar disorder, there’s really no reason to be afraid or ashamed about it.
Bipolar patients have extreme episodes or mood swings, and though these things may not affect them, it can be very alarming to their family members. Friends, co-workers, relatives, and neighbours may also notice the mood swings especially if it’s already severe. The symptoms felt by bipolar patients are not the same all throughout. It differs from one individual to another. Others can experience mild symptoms while others have to go through severe episodes.
Bipolar disorder does not choose its patients. Men and women can have this illness because of certain factors. Though further studies are still underway, factors like genetics, biochemistry, environmental events, and seasons can cause bipolar disorder.
Not all people are aware that they have the disorder. In fact, a great number of bipolar sufferers are not yet diagnosed. Most bipolar patients were diagnosed with the illness only after years of having it. If bipolar remains untreated, it can cause major disruptions in his or her everyday life; whether at home, at work, or in any other place. With the right professional attention, the bipolar patient can receive treatment and/or medication that are necessary to control their symptoms. Bipolar disorder cannot be cured; it can only be controlled and stabilised.
Bipolar disorder is not well-known to the public. In fact, according or many surveys, a lot of people are not even thinking about mood disorders. For every five respondent, 80% did not even address it as an illness or disorder. Most college students and people in their 40’s are aware of the disorder, but other age groups have very little knowledge about bipolar and mood disorders.
This may be one reason why many cases of bipolar disorder are left undiagnosed. Many individuals may regard their condition as simple mood swings. When mood swings are already extreme, then you’d better think twice.
The internet is a great avenue to help you in your problem. Try to observe the symptoms that you’re exhibiting, and if you think you have the disorder, you can look into online quizzes. There are many sites that feature bipolar quizzes and you can use the search engines available like Google and Yahoo.
By taking several online depression quizzes, you will find out the different symptoms associated with bipolar disorder. And after the quiz, you will get the results easily. Bipolar online quizzes usually asks the following questions:
– Are you suffering from extreme changes in mood?
– Do you have a family member with bipolar?
– Have you experienced the symptoms in intervals?
If after a careful self-evaluation you think that you do have bipolar, then perhaps it’s time to visit a doctor. You have to consult the right person with the right background, and those that have dealt with bipolar disorder in the past. A psychiatrist can also help you in your struggle. They can provide you with the right medication and treatment that will work for you.
Bipolar quizzes are a great way to assess your situation. Mild mood swings are natural and should not be a cause of worry. However, quizzes like this can’t give you an accurate diagnosis. Bipolar is difficult to diagnose, that is why a lot of diagnosis are delayed. The symptoms felt by a bipolar patient can mimic those of other illnesses. Professional diagnosis is required. Take a quiz, and know your state.
It’s easier to face the hardships of life when your love ones are there for you. If an individual suffers from an illness, the first ones to assist him in his situation is his dear family. That is why many people are counting on family members and relatives especially if they’re going through a difficult phase.
What happens if you’re diagnosed with bipolar mood disorder? Just as the word suggests, it’s a mood disorder. For some time, you might have observed your mood swings. Oftentimes, other family members can notice these things easily but they don’t give it much importance. When the behaviour becomes radical, this can already cause a disruption in the family or even at work.
Whenever you have an episode, you will likely do abnormal things, and you can even hurt your love ones. You tend to make wrong or bad decisions which are hard to fix. Trying to pick-up pieces after an episode is really hard. This is probably why most bipolar patients want to isolate themselves and are ashamed to come face to face with their family members and friends. But isolation will only make things a lot worse.
Instead of closing your doors to the people that greatly cares and loves you, you have to reach out to them. Reach out to the people you’ve hurt and try to explain what happened. Making apologies is the best way and tell them that you’re already seeking help. Once a person is diagnosed with the disorder, his or her instant reaction is to deny it and not inform others. Sharing the knowledge of the disorder with others can be very hard. And not every bipolar patient thinks of it as an excellent idea. But with the aid of your therapist or doctor, you can arrive at a better decision.
Keeping things secret is not good, especially if it’s about bipolar. In fact, it can be very harmful in the long run. It would be better to inform trusted family members and friends so that they will understand the situation. Bipolar disorder can greatly affect an individual, and the worst thing that can happen is suicide. There are facts that you need to be aware of if you have bipolar disorder like:
1. Suicide attempts usually occur during mixed or depressed episodes
2. Some suicide happens during or after coming out a mania or depressive episode; and this happens when the patient is feeling a lot better
3. 25 to 50 percent of bipolar patients attempts suicide at least once
4. One out of five bipolar patients commits suicide
5. Patients who misuse drugs and alcohol are at a greater suicide risk
If a bipolar patient has suicidal tendencies, his condition requires control of the symptoms. Suicidal thoughts are not really ‘you’ as a person, but can be associated with the symptoms of bipolar disorder. This is a sign which means that you need professional attention. The thoughts will not go away alone, what you need is a proper treatment and/or medication.
As part of a treatment regimen, you need to build your own support network. You have to use your available resources to get a good start. Your support foundation can consist of family members, friends, therapists, doctor, and members of the community (local or national). You’re at the community’s centre and acts as a driving force. You can build or maintain this community with the support of the people around you.
Your support group knows your feelings and thoughts. These people have encountered and struggled with the same problems. People with the same disorder can give you practical advice and support. They will teach you coping skills, how to open up, and understand your situation completely. You can also arrange for a meeting with fellow bipolar patients. You must remember that treatments and medications are greatly needed in your condition. And to make things a lot better, finding a support group can help you in living a normal life. Don’t sulk in your home. There are a lot of people out there who cares about you. All you have to do is to reach out to them, make them feel that you’re exerting an effort to make things a lot better for you, your family, and the community as a whole.
Have you taken more than one antidepressant but are still feeling depressed? Are you frustrated that your depression keeps coming back? You are not alone. Many people are first told that they have depression or anxiety when, in fact, they actually have a different medical condition. Of these people, one in two will first be told they have depression, one in four will be told they have anxiety.
There are a number of reasons why symptoms of depression may persist despite taking medication. One of these reasons may be because patients don’t always remember to tell their doctors about all the symptoms they’re experiencing. For example, patients may talk to their doctors when they feel down or depressed and are looking for relief. They may not talk about the times when they’ve felt really good or energetic. In fact, patients often think about these times as their “good times” or “normal times.” This is important information that can help your doctor make a correct diagnosis and provide treatment that may help you feel better.
Getting a correct diagnosis is the first step to finding a treatment that is right for you. Bipolar depression is a form of depression that requires a different kind of treatment. If you have questions about bipolar depression, be sure to talk with your doctor. Several treatments, including some new medications, along with support from your doctor, can help people manage their symptoms over time.
Bipolar depression is one part of bipolar disorder, a chronic-but treatable-illness. Sufferers usually have episodes of depression (“lows”) and episodes of increased energy, racing thoughts or anxiety (“highs”). Untreated bipolar depression can affect an individual’s ability to function at work, participate in social activities and maintain relationships. Getting an accurate diagnosis and the correct treatment can help patients with bipolar depression manage their symptoms and lead productive lives.
Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, has in past years only been found in adults, while children with similar symptoms have been mistakenly diagnosed as have attention deficit disorder (ADD), or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, in recent years, psychiatrists and pediatricians have found that bipolar disorder definitely rears its ugly head in childhood as often as it does in adolescent or adult years.
Diagnosis of bipolar in childhood increases the chances for bipolar patients to have successful treatment and ordinary, uninhibited lives as adults. However, treatment options of bipolar in childhood is a controversial subject. Many doctors wish to medicate first, and regulate with therapy in addition to medications. However, many parents and some psychologists disagree with these methods.
Overall, many parents discover that once their child has been put on bipolar medications, the child seems to lose some of their personality traits that endear them to the parents. Children, and adults, who have been overly medicated or medicated when not absolutely necessary lose a sense of who they are. Some medications can make children overly despondent, seeming “out of it” or “spacey.” This causes concern for parents and doctors, and raises the question of whether or not the child is really better off on medication.
Play therapy can be quite effective in helping children with bipolar disorder live more successful childhoods. This play therapy typically involves placing children in various hypothetical situations in which they must work out a logical and emotionally healthy solution. While play therapy is very successful in some children, it is not enough for others. In certain childhood cases of bipolar disorder, the mood swings and symptoms are so severe that the child is not able to control their actions or emotional reactions to stimuli and situations.
Cognitive behavioural therapy is a fairly new method of therapy for bipolar patients in which the patient learns to recognise symptoms of their illness, triggers for mood swings and inappropriate behaviour, and alternatives to inappropriate behaviour. Cognitive behavioural therapy also allows the patient to discover what he or she can do to avoid manic or depressive episodes, and how to manage the episodes more effectively. In adults, this treatment option is very viable, and works well both in conjunction with and without medication treatment.
However, cognitive behavioural therapy requires a level of problem solving and critical thinking that is not often present in childhood. For this reason, it is not commonly used in children with bipolar disorder under a certain age or maturity level. Some believe that the techniques learned through cognitive behavioural therapy could be equally viable in treating childhood bipolar disorder if the exercises and learning could be geared toward children. This, however, could prove difficult.
In the end, treatment options must be discussed with pediatricians, psychiatrists, psychologists, parents, and teachers. Everyone involved in childhood must be involved in the treatment process in order for it to be successful. If a parent or teacher has concerns about the effects of childhood treatment for bipolar disorder in their child or student, those concerns should be expressed immediately so that changes in treatment can be made. Additionally, parents should not be afraid to change doctors if they feel their child is not benefiting from treatment or medication.
Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness that manifests itself as mood swings or mood cycling between depressed, manic, or normal moods. There are two types of bipolar disorder. The first type sometimes called raging bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant mild mania, with periods of severing mania alternating with depression. Mixed episodes where the patient displays both manic and depressive symptoms at the same time can also occur with this type of bipolar disorder.
The second type, sometimes called rapid cycling bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant depression, with alternating periods of mania and severe depression that can often last a few hours or a few days before cycling to the next episode.
Depression symptoms include oversleeping, extreme sadness, feelings of worthlessness or despair, irritability, anger, and withdrawal. Manic symptoms include sleeplessness, increased energy levels, distractibility, racing thoughts, obsessive behaviours, and extreme happiness.
There are many treatment options for bipolar disorder. Most patients with bipolar disorder require a combination of medication and therapy or counselling for successful treatment of symptoms. However, minor cases of bipolar disorder may not require medication but may require instead cognitive behavioural therapy. There are some cases, such as in patients with a history of drug abuse, where medication may be recommended but is not a viable treatment option. These cases typically also use cognitive behavioural therapy to assist patients in coping with their illness.
Celexa is an anti-depressant, commonly used with bipolar patients. Celexa, or citalopram, is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, or SSRI. This family of medications has the effect of balancing serotonin levels in the brain, which are thought to be responsible for mood stabilization.
Celexa is most successful as a treatment for unipolar depression and bipolar disorder type two patients. This is because it is an anti-depressant. Serotonin, the chemical in the brain that balances moods and particularly controls strong emotions, often presents imbalances in the form of depression. Celexa corrects these imbalances, giving the patient relief from depression.
Celexa is most successful as a treatment for bipolar disorder type one patients when used in combination with a mood stabilizer. As an anti-depressant, Celexa alone causes bipolar disorder type one patients to swing into a manic episode. Used in combination with a mood stabilizer or anti-psychotic, however, can allow for a balance of moods to take place, ending rapid or raging mood cycling.
Celexa has several possible minor side effects when used for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Common side effects include drowsiness, cotton mouth, nausea, and trouble sleeping. Less common side effects include abdominal pain, anxiety, gas, headache, heartburn, increased sweating, pain in muscles or joints, increases or decreases in weight, weakness, and vomiting. If these side effects persist or become unbearable, you should contact your doctor.
Celexa can also have several possible major side effects when used for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Common major side effects include a decrease in sexual desire or ability. Less common major side effects include agitation, confusion, blurred vision, fever, increase in urinal frequency, lack of emotion, decreased memory, skin rashes, and trouble breathing. If you experience any of these side effects, you should contact your doctor immediately.
Friends, family and patients with bipolar disorder should keep in mind that even when using anti-depressants such as Celexa, suicide, suicide threats, and suicide attempts can still occur. Always be aware of the signs that can lead to suicide so that medical treatment can be found before an attempt is made.
Bipolar disorder should, in all cases, be treated with a combination of Celexa, or other medications, in conjunction with therapy or counselling. Bipolar disorder patients are encouraged to take the active part in their treatment plans. Additionally, bipolar patients should not attempt to self-medicate or treat symptoms with medication alone. If you show symptoms of bipolar disorder, you should contact your doctor about Celexa and other treatment options.
The most difficult and stressful experience that you could have is being diagnosed with a bipolar disorder. If this is your case, managing your disorder better is recommended. Whether you handle it by yourself, with your families, or with your friends, building and maintaining a strong support group system is very important.
There are approximately twenty five million Americans who are suffering from mood disorders including bipolar disorder. In this case, their families need the better understanding of how such illness is affecting their lives. People need support from those who takes time to understand them.
A support group system is the combined forces of people who are offering emotional and unconditional support to people having a bipolar disorder. They have the desire for understanding the difficulties and struggles of people living in such condition. This group consists of other support groups, mental health workers, doctors, friends, and families.
A support group for manic depression can be a very good source for getting support from peers. They can help lots of people how to cope up with emotional aspects of their lives. A safe place is provided to give a chance for these people to share their experiences as well as learn from other sufferers who are facing the same situation.
People having a manic depressive disorder can feel secluded and isolated. They can also feel alone in their struggle in managing the symptoms. But those people who attend a support group may feel strong and confident that they’re not alone in facing their battles and easily recover upon treatment. The people who are within a support group are likely to experience the highs and lows of a bipolar disorder. No one will relate better with people who are suffering from a bipolar disorder except those people who also experience the same situation.
A support group system is not often specifically designed for people having a bipolar disorder but also for other mood disorders including clinical depression. Consulting a psychiatrist or therapist to obtain information about a support group system is advised.
People who are joining a support group should also have their personal assessment regarding their condition. If something is going better, then continuous involvement is good. However, when things get worse, it is better to undergo specific treatments. There are instances that a person may feel hopeless and desperate if he or she sees other people in a support group displaying such behaviours.
The idea of a support group is to help each other on their journey to recovery. Someone during his or her normal period can still be the light of other members who have difficulty in coping up with their present situation.
Today, internet technology becomes the major source of finding an appropriate support group. There are even designed chat rooms for people experiencing manic depression. Although this is a good resource for sufferers of bipolar disorders to get the support they need, this isn’t enough. They should continue to attend their local support group system. Since there is always a tendency for self-isolation, being with other sufferers can provide good social interactions.
After the illness is diagnosed and treatment is provided, support from other people is vital in achieving lifetime wellness. Most support groups have their own chapters to meet the needs of every sufferer. They will find direction and comfort in a supportive and confidential setting where a big difference is made in their lives. The services provided also vary depending on the needs of their members. However, never think that a support group is your alternative to professional care.
Many support groups offer self-help by facilitating meetings. People with bipolar disorder can obtain benefits such as opportunity from reaching out to others, motivation in following a treatment plan, understand mood disorders, help rediscover humour and strength, and provide forums for mutual understanding and acceptance.
Having a family and trusted friends who are always ready to provide emotional support is a very valuable asset for people suffering from a bipolar disorder. This is necessary especially for people who always have suicidal tendencies and have a hard time in controlling outbursts of emotions. That is why a support group system is extremely essential, truly a guide for a better living.
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There are many people today that are unaware or little informed about a very serious brain condition that can affect their daily life. This condition can cause difficulties in controlling one’s mood that can result in having relationship problems and can make their performance at work or at school deteriorate.
Many people consider that having good physical health is enough in order to live a normal and productive lifestyle. What most people neglect to consider is that they should also be aware about their mental health where they may never know if they are already suffering from a serious bran disorder called bipolar disorder or sometimes called as manic-depressive illness.
This particular disorder can affect a person’s mood which can include unusually excessive highs and lows in their mood. This means that people with bipolar disorder experiences different moods, such as excessive happiness, and excessive depression in cycles. What this suggests is that people with bipolar disorder can experience being depressed or being euphoric at no reason at all. It just happens.
You have to consider that this particular condition can cause difficulty for a person to live a normal and productive life. This is because of the symptoms that they experience can be very disabling and can affect how they think and how they make critical decisions and judgments. It is very important that you should consider the fact that bipolar disorder is a very serious mental disorder than can be disabling and in severe cases can be lethal.
Bipolar disorder consists of two different classifications of symptoms. The person who is suffering from bipolar disorder may experience manic, depressive phases at a cycle process or both at the same time. In the manic episode, the person suffering from this illness will experience excessive euphoria. What this means is that the person will be at an unusually high mood.
Meaning, the person suffering from the manic episode associated with bipolar disorder will be full of energy. At this episode, the person suffering from bipolar disorder can experience racing thoughts. The racing thoughts symptom is not about thinking fast, but it is a condition where the sufferer will experience never-ending thoughts. This means that you can’t just make it stop. There will always be something in your head that you don’t even want.
Racing thoughts may include memories about the past that just won’t go away and is completely irrelevant to what you are doing. It may include parts of past conversation that you had with someone, parts of a movie or music, and it can even include hearing your own voice repeating some phrase over and over again.
Another symptom of mania associated with bipolar disorder is being unable to make good judgments. Since your thoughts are constantly on the go and won’t stop, you will always be distracted. In turn, this will cause a person to become irritable. The symptom can last for a few minutes, and in severe cases, it can last up to a week. As you can see, manic episodes can significantly affect your work or school performance because you can never concentrate on anything.
Your brain will constantly be active during the manic phase where it can also contribute into letting you think that you have a lot of energy and don’t need any sleep. You have to consider that this is a particularly dangerous illness that immediately needs attention.
You have to remember that bipolar disorder has no cure. However, it can be treated up to the point where you will take control of your mood and your thoughts again. The treatment will consist of psychotherapy, where a psychiatrist will encourage you to talk and where he or she will teach you how to cop with it.
Usually, the psychotherapy is combined with special medication that can normalise the mood levels and decrease the effects of mood swings. You have to consider that bipolar disorder will also include depression. It is important that you should know all about the different signs and symptoms of this illness in order to be aware of it and know if you are one of the people affected with this illness.
These are some of the things you should remember about bipolar disorder. By knowing about the manic symptoms, you will know if you have one or not. It is important that once you detected the mentioned symptoms of mania mentioned, you should immediately consult your psychiatrist.
Bipolar illness is also known as manic-depressive illness. This is the disorder that involves incidents of serous depression and mania. Bipolar illness is characterised by sudden mood sways of a person which can abruptly shift from being highly irritable to being overly sad.
The change from depression to mania and vice versa can occur in a very short period of time. The mood fluctuation in bipolar illness mainly follows a pattern for a person. Analysing this pattern will help to foresee the next behaviour of a person with bipolar illness.
There are certain signs that will help recognise mania from depression. When a person is in the state of mania, bipolar illness can be recognised through the following symptoms:
1. hyperactivity which leads to restlessness and talking rapidly
2. extremely high feelings
3. excessive irritability
4. fancy belief to unrealistic powers
5. poor judgment
6. increase of sexual urges
7. abuse of alcohol, cocaine and other drugs
8. aggressive behaviours
9. denial that something is wrong with him
However, when a person is in the state of depression, bipolar illness can be recognised through the following symptoms:
1. persistent sadness or anxious mood
3. uncharacterised feelings of unworthiness and guilt
4. low sex drives
5. feeling of being exhausted even without physical activities
6. decrease in energy level even to ordinary activities
7. poor judgment
8. loss of appetite
9. chronic pains that are not due to physical illness
10. suicidal tendencies
Bipolar illness generally initiates in the adolescence period which is carried on throughout the person’s life. The difficulty of this illness is that it cannot be readily recognised as an illness, rather counted on an attitude problem like hyperactivity or attention deficit disorders. Because of this, the person who has this illness suffers for a prolonged period and can even develop its complications such as drug and alcohol abuse, poor quality of life, marital breakup or even suicidal tendencies. As of the records, millions of people suffer from the disruptive and distressing implications of bipolar illness.
The mood states of bipolar illness follow a spectrum. At an early stage of manic-depressive disorder, hypomania takes place. In this state, the person shows extreme level of energy that can result to reckless and impulsive behaviours. For the person suffering from bipolar illness, he is behaving rightly and will deny that anything is wrong. But for his family and friends, they can already recognise the unlikely behaviours of that person.
The early signs of bipolar illness can be mistaken for other problems such as caused by drug or alcohol abuse. In the latter process, the person can then experience full clinical depression.
There are various treatments to stabilise the mood of a person with bipolar illness.
The popularly known stabiliser is lithium. This is a helpful medication to control mania and the reoccurrence of both mania and depression episodes. In recent clinical techniques, carbamazepine and valproate are also used as anticonvulsants in cases of refractory episodes of bipolar illness. Scientists have tested the efficiency of anticonvulsant medications in the process of kindling. Kindling is the process when the brain gradually increases its sensitivity to stress, thus resulting in abnormal activities and behaviours. While lithium is found to block the kindling process in its early signs, carbamazepine and valproate work for the later stages. For the acute cases of mania, valproate drugs are recommended. These are approved treatments by the Food and Drug Administration. For those patients with severe bipolar illness and do not respond to these medications, the electroconvulsive therapy or ECT is of great value. This is an effective treatment even for severe depression mixed with frequent mania.
To counteract the effects of hyperactivity such as insomnia, benzodiazepines clonazepam and lorazepam are helpful medications. It is also important to make an analysis of the behavioural pattern of the patient as a tool in finding the right treatment to the symptoms of bipolar illness.
Bipolar illness is a mental disorder that should readily be treated before its further complications. Otherwise, repeated depression can occur and lead to another behavioural and mental problem. And in some cases, mania can be the major problem with occurrences of sudden depression. These are indications that a long-term or prophylactic treatment is highly needed.