Anger is a result of thinking that we have been unfairly treated or disrespected, or that others have broken or fallen short of our rules, standards or expectations, and we won’t stand for it.
Thinking this way leads us to feel angry, which stimulates the body’s adrenaline response which is our body’s way of helping us to cope with either fighting or running away (‘fight or flight’ response). We respond to those thoughts and feelings, by acting, or feeling an urge to act, in threatening or aggressive ways.
Thoughts that often occur:
- I’m being treated unfairly
- I’m being disrespected
- They’re breaking a rule or standard
- I won’t stand for it
Physical Sensations – The Adrenaline Response
When there is real, or we believe there is a real, threat or danger, or that we have to defend or stand up for what we believe is right, our bodies’ automatic survival mechanism kicks in very quickly. This helps to energise us to fight or run away (‘fight or flight response’). We will notice lots of physical sensations, which might include:
- heart racing or pounding – enabling good blood supply around our bodies
- breathing quickly – allowing more oxygen around the body
- tense muscles – a state of readiness to fight or flee
- hot, sweating
- stomach churning or butterflies
- fist or teeth clenching
Behaviours might include:
- staring & angry facial expression
- aggressive body posture
- go towards what makes us angry
- attacking or arguing
- hitting out (or urge to hit out)
- shouting, snapping at others
- running or storming away
- staying silent, inwardly seething
- door slamming, making lots of noise
The Angry Cycle
We all feel angry sometimes. Anger has consequences, and they often involve hurting other people – more usually their feelings, but sometimes physically. Anger can cause problems in our personal lives, and affect work and study. After an angry outburst, we can think very critically of ourselves and our actions, leading us to feel guilty, ashamed and lower our mood, which might result in our withdrawing from others, not wanting to do anything (see depression).
Identify your triggers
What or when are the times when you are more likely to get angry? If you can see the patterns, then maybe you can do something about those situations, and do something different.
- Behind the wheel?
- At work?
- When stressed?
- With certain people?
- When you’ve been drinking or using other substances?
What to do when you feel angry
- STOPP! Pause, take a breath, don’t react automatically
- Walk away – you can come back and talk later
- Ask yourself:
- What am I reacting to?
- What is it that’s really pushing my buttons here?
- Am I getting things out of proportion?
- How important is this really?
- How important will it be in 6 months time?
- What harm has actually been done?
- Am I expecting something from this person or situation that is unrealistic?
- What’s the worst (and best) that could happen? What’s most likely to happen?
- Am I jumping to conclusions about what this person meant? Am I misreading between the lines? Is it possible that they didn’t mean that? Is this fact or opinion?
- What do I want or need from this person or situation? What do they want or need from me? Is there a compromise?
- What would be the consequences of responding angrily?
- Is there another way of dealing with this? What would be the most helpful and effective action to take? (for me, for the situation, for the other person)
- Visualise yourself dealing with the situation in a calm, non-aggressive but assertive way, respecting the rights and opinions of all others involved.
How to deal with the physical sensations of anger
Counteract the body’s adrenaline response – it’s readiness for action, by using that energy healthily.
- Practice calming or mindful breathing – this one act alone will help reduce the physical sensations, emotions and intensity of thoughts.
Beyond our Control
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